Diabetes is a disease which is characterized by high glucose levels in the blood. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas and it facilitates the movement of glucose from the blood to the liver, muscles and fat cells. When a person suffers from diabetes condition, the body cannot produce enough insulin to process the glucose in the blood. Excess glucose in the blood ultimately results in high levels of glucose being present in the urine. This increases the urine output, which leads to dehydration and increased thirst.
In Ayurveda, diabetes is called as Madhumeha, madhu means sweetness and meha means urination. It literally means excessive urine with sweet taste like honey. It is also called as Prameha which means increased frequency and quantity of urine.
Ayurveda considers diabetes as Maharoga, because if not treated on time, almost all parts of the body and every cell of human physiology can be affected. Prameha is a tridosha vyadhi. However, the predominance of any one dosha (tri dosha) and dooshya enables its classification into Vataja, Pittaja & Kaphaja Prameha.
The causes for diabetes are excessive intake of fried, creamy and all foods that are difficult to digest. Lack of physical exercises, mental stress, excessive sleep, obesity, excessive intake of sugar & refined flours, overeating etc. are also the causes for diabetes. Overloading of proteins and fats, hereditary factors can also lead to diabetes. Common symptoms of diabetes are fatigue, weight loss gain, frequent urination, burning sensation, excess thirst and sweat, excess hunger etc.
The treatment recommended in Ayurveda is aimed at rejuvenating the body not only to balance sugar levels, but also ensuring that no further complication is caused. Along with medication and diet, the patient is also advised to lead a healthy lifestyle and live an active life. Dietary and lifestyle changes rejuvenate the body’s cells and tissues, allowing them to produce insulin properly.
Here are few effective Ayurveda remedies to cure diabetes;
- Nerale, Jamul or Jamun is an important Ayurveda herb used in many ailments. It is a seasonal fruit found abundantly all over India and has immense health benefits too. The herb is especially very useful in controlling blood sugar levels. Diabetic patients can consume the fruit daily during its season and still control sugar levels.
Excess thirst and frequent urination are the main symptoms of diabetes. There can also be irritation during urination due to high sugar levels as it promotes bacterial growth. If there is excess thirst or urine passage with irritation due to diabetes and to decrease the sugar level in the blood, follow the below said remedies using Jamun/nerale;
- Choorna (powder) from Nerale/Jamun seeds: whenever nerale fruits are available during season, get them enough and separate seeds from it. Make juice from the pulp and dry the seeds under shade and make powder from the dried seeds. Store it in a clean airtight glass jar. When necessary, take this choorna internally daily 1tsp twice in a day.
- Nerale/Jamun fruit juice: Extract juice from the Jamun fruit pulp (by discarding the seeds) and boil it at 70 degree celsius for 30 minutes. Allow it to cool. Store this in an airtight container. Boiling and storing in this manner helps the juice to stay fresh for a longer period.
Usage: 2-3 tsp three times a day (morning-afternoon-night)
- Rasayana from Jamun seeds and pulp: for patients suffering from diabetes for a longer period of time, this rasayana can be very helpful in controlling diabetes. Diabetes can be controlled if this rasayana is properly taken for about 4-5 months along with strict diet and exercise.
- Preparation of Rasayana: Get fresh jamun/nerale fruits and separate pulp and seeds. Pound seeds using a mortar pestle to fine powder. Let the powder dry under sun for 2-3days. Again pound this slowly adding little jamun fruit juice (prepared from its pulp) till powder absorbs the juice completely. When it is completely dried up, again add the juice and pound. Repeat this for about 7 times. Do not add all of the jamun fruit juice to the choorna at once. Add it in intervals and pound it. You may need more juice, so keep them ready. Store this rasayana in a clean airtight glass bottle and use it.
Dosage: ½ tsp-1 tsp daily
The above said medicines are to be used by diabetes patients only after consulting an Ayurveda practitioner.
Medicines prepared from jamun are available in Ayurveda stores in the name “Jambavasava”. So, if difficult to prepare the medicine as said above, you can easily get them from the store and use it as instructed by the physician.
- Get roots from old neem tree and rub this along with little water to get paste. Now take the paste about 1thola* along with 1gunji* trivanga bhasm (talc from three metals), ½ gunji Abhrak Bhasm (talc or mineral prepared from Mica) and mix well. Consume this daily twice regularly for few weeks. This will reduce the excess thirst and excess urination in diabetes patients.
- Get fresh roots of datura (Thorn apple) daily and pound it without adding water to gets its juice. Take about 1thola* of this juice and mix it with 1cup cow’s milk (without mixing water) and consume daily early morning in empty stomach. Continue this for three months. If diabetes is in the primary stage, this will help to cure the disease.
Diet: During taking this medicine, avoid spicy, salt, sour foods. Have only chapatti, rice along with ghee, jaggery and milk.
- Dry jamun phala seeds (jambul or nerale hannu) and powder it. Mix this powder about 1tsp in a cup of warm water. Drink this every day for at least 2-3 months.
- Dry jamun seeds and bitter gourd seeds for 2-3 days and powder them separately and keep aside. Instead of using only bitter gourd seeds you can also cut whole bitter gourd into small pieces and dry them. Pound this to powder. Keep aside.
In the same way, dry nimboli (neem seeds) and powder it. Now mix all the above powders (dried jamun, bitter gourd seeds or bitter gourd and nimbola). Store this in a glass bottle. Mix a tsp of this powder in a glass of warm water and drink.
- Mix 1 tsp fenugreek seeds/methi seeds and 1 tsp triphala choorna in a cup of water. Boil it and keep it closed overnight. Drink this water early morning in empty stomach and chew the seeds. Doing this continuously for 3-4months, the blood sugar will come down.
Wounds in diabetes patients become chronic and lead to gangrene or osteomyelitis (cells do not regenerate). In these cases;
- Get 2-3petals of marigold flower and grind to paste adding turmeric and desi (country-made) cow urine. Apply the paste on the affected skin part twice a day. Wash the wound with desi cow’s urine and then apply the paste each time. This is the most effective medicine to cure the wounds. This can cure any wounds post-surgery/operation. Same can be used by patients to cure the wounds in breast cancers. Wet Eczema can also be cured.
Few more simple and effective home cure for diabetes:
- To a copper vessel, add water and keep it overnight. Drink this water early morning. Drinking water in a copper vessel helps to prevent the fluctuation of blood sugar levels and also balances tri dosha.
- Drinking amla juice daily twice can help to lower blood sugar levels. Amla can be eaten raw too. Amla is an effective fruit for diabetes. The fruit is rich in vitamin c, calcium, phosphorus and iron.
- Bitter gourd juice is very effective in controlling diabetes. Consume this daily on an empty stomach. To prepare bitter gourd juice, chop the veggies into small pieces and put them in a mixer jar. Add very little water and grind to fine paste. Sieve the juice and drink it.
- To half a cup of bitter gourd juice, add half cup amla juice and ¼ tsp turmeric powder. Mix well and drink this daily on an empty stomach.
- To a cup of water, add fenugreek seeds and soak it overnight. Next morning drink the water and chew the seeds.
- To a cup of warm water, add ½ tsp turmeric powder and ½ tsp amla powder. Mix well and drink it daily on an empty stomach.
- Boil about 2cups water adding 2-3 tsp cinnamon powder. Keep the flame on medium-low and boil it for about 15minutes. Later strain the water and drink it every day regularly for 2-3 months.
- Boil a cup of water and add to it 1 tbsp chopped ginger. Boil on a low flame for 10 minutes. Strain and drink this ginger tea. Ginger tea helps to stimulate digestion and hence reduces kapha accumulating in the body.
- Boil water adding few fresh tulasi leaves for few minutes. Strain and sip this tulasi tea regularly to prevent the complications of diabetes.
- Drumstick leaves juice can also control blood sugar levels. Get few fresh drumstick leaves and crush them using a mortar pestle to extract juice. Drink this juice on an empty stomach every day.
- 1 tbsp of triphala choorna daily can be very effective in diabetes. Triphala powder/choorna is a mixture of herbs haritaki, amla and bhibhitaki.
- Use turmeric in your daily diet. You can also boil water along with little turmeric and cinnamon powder. Strain and drink this daily.
Best foods to control Diabetes:
As per Ayurveda, diabetes is caused by the imbalance of Vata and Kapha dosha. It recommends a kapha pacifying diet which is more of foods which are bitter, astringent and pungent in taste. An effective diet plan along with physical exercise and using medicinal herbs and spices can control diabetes
- Eat fresh foods which are homemade, light and easy to digest.
- Eating low glycemic food are highly recommended as it helps to control blood sugar levels and do not rise them much. Include ragi idli, ragi dosa, millet dosa in your breakfast.
- Fruits like apple, peaches, grapes, oranges, raisins, bananas, jackfruits, avocado, plums etc. are good for diabetes as they are low in glycemic index. Jackfruit idli can make a delicious breakfast recipe.
- Include more fresh and green leafy vegetables. Eat squash, tomato, cucumber, carrot, spinach, methi greens, pumpkin, cabbage etc. you can try methi paratha, cucumber idli.
- Bitter vegetables & greens like bitter gourd, amla, drumstick, fenugreek, garlic, beet greens, pointed gourd etc. are highly recommended in Ayurveda for diabetes. You can have aviyal (mixed veg curry) along with steamed rice for lunch.
- Have green grams, horse gram, pigeon peas (tuvar dal), Bengal gram, and other pulses and lentils in the diet. Veg Sambar is the best way to include lentils and pulses in your diet. Also try idli and dosa which are prepared with rice and urad dals.
- Nuts like walnuts, almonds, hazelnuts, pista can effectively manage diabetes by keeping the body weight under control. Also raw lotus seeds can be eaten either raw or by cooking it.
- Seeds like pumpkin seeds, flax seeds etc. are rich in omega 3 fatty acids, protein and fiber. Hence including them in the diet helps to keep the blood sugar levels in control.
- Using spices like turmeric, asafoetida, cinnamon, mustard, coriander etc. in your meals or drinks can manage diabetes.
- Reduce the intake of dairy products like milk, curd, ghee etc. as it increases kapha in the body. But small amount of pure cow ghee can be added in your meals and also low-fat milk/curd can be taken in moderation.
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Tips to follow:
- Do not skip meals. Eat right food at the right time.
- Avoid sweet, salty, oily and heavy foods.
- Avoid sweet fruits like mangos, pineapple, grapes etc.
- Use unpolished rice or brown rice or old rice.
- Include whole grains, fresh vegetables, garlic, flax seeds, onion etc. in your diet.
- Also use herbs such as turmeric, Shilajit, Triphala, Neem etc.
- Avoid sleeping during day time as this increases kapha.
- Indulge in light physical activities such as walking every morning and evening.
- Practice YOGA and meditation for a healthy and stress free life.
- Grain: it is one of the oldest measurement unit which is equal to 0.065 grams.
- 1 thola=11.616 grams approximately 12grams; it is an ancient system of weight scale.
- 1 Masha=97 grams; traditional Indian unit of measuring.
- 1 gunji=0.125 grams; gold was weighed with the help of gunja/ratti seeds which are bright red seeds with black tip and they were constant in weight.
- Triphala: Triphala is an ayurvedic herbal powder which is a combination of three Ayurveda fruits Amlakai, bhibhitaki and haritaki. It is an herbal rasayana consisting of equal amounts of all these three ingredients. Triphala is loaded with antioxidants, vitamin c and also balances blood sugar. Triphala include all five different tastes-sweet, sour, salty, bitter and pungent. It also helps to balance tridosha-vata, pitta and kapha.
- Datura Seeds: Datura seeds are known as white thorn apple and also referred as kanaka or unmatta. Datura is an extremely toxic plant, but it is purified before using it in Ayurveda medicines for treatments like fever, insanity, painful swelling, neuralgia etc.
Ayurveda uses datura plants seeds, roots and dried whole plant for medicinal properties. It is classified as an Upa Visha varga/secondary toxic drug with toxic effect on body. As per Ayurveda, in small doses, visha/poison acts as an effective medicine to cure certain diseases. So Datura is used in preparing medicine only after proper purification.
- Amla: also known as Amlakai is used since 1000years in Ayurveda medicine. Amla is sour tasting fruit which pacifies all tri doshas (vata, pitta and kapha). It rejuvenates the body and enhances immunity and youthfulness. It promotes energy, reproductive health, supports metabolism, digesting and elimination. Amla is one of the three fruit used in triphala choorna.
- Cinnamon: one of the oldest spices used in Ayurveda medicine to enhance the functioning of other herbs. Cinnamon is very flavorful, aromatic, sweet and pungent. It pacifies (alleviates) vata and kapha and aggravates (increases) pitta. Cinnamon is used in the treatment originated due to vata like paralysis, nerve weakness etc. it can also be used in the treatment of lungs, tuberculosis, diabetes, cough, chest congestion etc. As cinnamon alleviates kapha, it can be used as a fat burner and hence effective in weight loss too.
- Turmeric: one of the widely used Ayurveda herb/spice used all over the world. It treats skin, heart, liver, lungs etc. and used for bleeding disorders, skin diseases, epilepsy, to expel kapha and to purify body. Turmeric regulates female reproductive system, purifies uterus and breast milk and also builds & purifies semen in men too.
- Neem Seeds: Neem-one of the bitter herbs in Ayurveda which are used extensively in medicines. Neem is also known as margosa, the herb cools body because it has sheeta guna/quality. Neem seeds are good for health and are used for all kinds of digestive ailments and skin disorders. Neem seeds boosts immunity and fights bacterial infections and ulcers in the body.
- Fenugreek: known as methi is an important herb as it is used as both medicine and spice all over the world. Its stem, leaves, seeds and twigs are all used as it is rich in nutritional and medicinal properties. Methi is used for conditions like fever, diabetes, cough, bronchitis, burns, swellings, ulcers, digestive issues etc.
- Tulasi: is a holy plant considered as mother of medicine and queen of herbs. In India, tulasi is worshiped as goddess and every part of the herb is considered sacred and used in medicine as well. The plant can be found in every Hindu home across the country. Tulasi is used in the treatment of fever, cold, cough, headache etc. It has antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral properties.
- Ginger: known as adrak, ginger is a well-known spice used all over the world as a food and medicine. Eating ginger before food helps in digestion. It helps to reduce fever, headache, cleanse the body, improve digestion, relieves from acidity etc.
- Carrot: is an excellent fruit and vegetable also referred as gajar, garjarah etc. It is sweet, bitter, slightly pungent and warm in nature. Carrot refreshes your breathe and whole body with its aromatic taste. They are rich in nutrients like protein, vitamin A, B, C, K, iron, fiber, calcium, phosphorus, fat, carbohydrates, water etc.
- Spinach: known as palak, is a nutrient rich green leafy vegetable. Spinach is high in vitamins, minerals, water, carbohydrates, protein, fiber etc. It is an excellent source of antioxidants and low in calories. Ayurveda recommends daily usage of green leafy vegetables in the diet as they are good for skin, hairs and also removes toxins from the body.
- Cabbage: is a nutrient rich vegetable rich in antioxidants, vitamins, fiber, low calorie etc. As per Ayurveda, cabbage has a sweet, dry and cold quality. It pacifies pitta and kapha and when consume in raw form it will aggravate vata as it is difficult to digest.
- Ghee: clarified butter is known as ghee or ghrita in Sanskrit. According to Ayurveda, ghee is beneficial to the whole body and boosts our immune system. Ghee is one of the sacred element which calms pitta and vata. It is sweet in taste and has a cooling effect on our body. Ghee improves digestion, nourishes body, increases intelligence, increases strength and longevity. It can be helpful to gain weight and also improves reproductive system.
- Raisins: As per Ayurveda, raisins contain a great amount of nutritional benefits and considered it as one of the healing foods. Raisins balances vata and pitta, lubricates respiratory system, improves memory, supports fertility, lowers blood pressure and improves bowel movement. Raisins are rich in vitamins, minerals, iron, potassium and calcium.
- Almonds: known as Badam, Badami, vaadumai etc. is one of the oldest and widely used nuts. Eating nuts is good for health and it contains unsaturated fatty acids and other nutrients. Almonds can be consumed raw or can be soaked in water overnight and can be consumed. But do not eat it in an empty stomach. You can mix it with raisins or dates before eating it on empty stomach. Almonds are used in the treatment of nerve disorders, memory power, sexual vigor and eye vision. It pacifies and reduces vata dosha.
- Cumin/jeera: known as jeeraka in Sanskrit has many medicinal properties in it. Jeeraka is derived from the Sanskrit word jeerna which means digestion. Jeera is useful in indigestion, cold, cough, asthma and joint related issues. It can be helpful in weight loss, prevention of cancer, reduces cholesterol, reduces menstrual cramps and helps to detoxify our body. Jeera/cumin seeds contain vitamin E, B6, riboflavin, niacin, protein, minerals and carbohydrates.
- Haritaki: known as kadukka, harad, harade, karakkaya etc. haritaki, is one among the three fruits used in triphala choorna. Ayurveda refers haritaki as king of herbs and uses it in various medications to cure diseases. The herb rejuvenates body, reduces swelling, boosts energy, helps in bleeding disorders, promotes longevity, helps to reduce weight, improves digestion and also helps in vaginal discharge.
- Jaggery: is an unrefined sweetener prepared from cane sugar. It is widely used in Indian cuisine and also in Ayurvedic medicines. Jaggery comes with a wide range of health benefits and is a very good and healthy substitute for refined white sugar. Jaggery is good for all three doshas- Vata, pitta and kapha.
- Bitter gourd: called as karela, pavakkai, hagalkai, kakarakaya etc. in Indian languages is a popular vegetable which is bitter in taste. As per Ayurveda, the fruit enhances digestive juices, improves appetite, purifies blood, helps in weight loss and also controls blood glucose levels. The vegetable also regularize menstrual cycle, improves fertility in female and also purify breast milk.
- Drumstick leaves: also known as shobhanjana, moringa etc. is considered as a super food as they are highly nutritious. They are excellent source of protein, vitamin c, vitamin B6, vitamin A, vitamin K, iron, beta carotene, calcium, fiber and magnesium. The leaves are helpful to reduce blood sugar & cholesterol levels. The leaves are used to prepare decoction which can remove intestinal worms, stomach ache in children.
- Trivanga bhasma: is a bhasm or powder prepared from equal quantity of three metals lead, zinc and tin. The bhasm is used in the treatment of diabetes, urinary tract diseases, impotency in men, unexplained infertility in women, repeated pregnancy loss, leucorrhea etc. Trivanga Bhasm balances vata and pitta dosha. The medicine should be taken under the strict supervision of an Ayurveda practitioner.
- Abhrak Bhasma: it is calcined mica ash/bhasm. Abhrak bhasm is used in the treatment of urinary disorders, diabetes, skin diseases, bleeding disorders, asthma, anemia and others which occur due to kapha dosha. The medicine balances all tri dosha-vata, pitta and kapha.
The information & Remedies provided on the website is for informational purpose only and has to be approved by your doctor before proceeding for self-medication. Any remedies and its benefits and uses given are believed to be accurate, however, should not be relied on in any way in making a decision whether to treat any common ailments you or your family members may suffer without consulting a certified Ayurvedic practitioner or Doctor.
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